「財務行動特別組織」於2022年10月發表的公開聲明

「財務行動特別組織」於2022年10月發表的公開聲明

「財務行動特別組織」於202210月發表的公開聲明

        您好!本電郵旨在通知    貴會有關題述事宜。

  1.    財務行動特別組織(Financial Action Task Force)(下稱「特別組織」) 是一個跨政府組織,負責訂立國際標準以打擊洗錢及恐怖分子資金籌集。為了保護國際金融體系免受洗錢和恐怖分子資金籌集的影響,並鼓勵司法管轄區遵守打擊洗錢/恐怖分子資金籌集標準,「特別組織」會識別在打擊洗錢及恐怖分子資金籌集方面存在策略及制度缺陷的司法管轄區,並與他們共同合作改善這些缺陷 ,以緩解這些地區的制度缺陷可能對國際金融體系構成的風險。特別組織在10月的全體會議後,發布了以下公開聲明和文件,以提醒其成員注意這些指定司法管轄區可能帶來的風險。

i公開聲明 

  1.      「特別組織」於2022年10月21日發布有關檢討高危司法管轄區的相關措施的公開聲明 (詳見:(https://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/call-for-action-october-2022.html) [只有英文版本]。自2020年2月以來,「特別組織」因應2019冠狀病毒病大流行,暫停檢討伊朗和朝鮮,然而特別組織已呼籲成員就這些國家採取對策,並參閲「特別組織」於2020年2月21日發布的公開聲明(http://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/call-for-action-february-2020.html)。「特別組織」呼籲其成員和其他司法管轄區繼續按聯合國頒布的措施制裁朝鮮,以保護國際金融體系免受洗錢、恐怖分子資金籌集及大規模毀滅武器擴散風險。有關香港對朝鮮實施的聯合國制裁措施的最新內容,請參閱香港法例第537AE章《聯合國制裁(朝鮮民主主義人民共和國)條例》。「特別組織」亦呼籲其成員及其他司法管轄區繼續根據「特別組織」的第19項建議,對伊朗採取加強盡職審查措施,包括(a)了解有關交易的目的;(b)通過增加監察的次數及時機,以及抽選需要進一步審查的交易模式,加強對業務關係的監控。
  2.   於2020年2月, 緬甸承諾處理其策略缺陷。緬甸的行動計劃於 2021 年 9 月到期。於2022 年 6 月,「特別組織」強烈敦促緬甸在 2022 年 10 月之前迅速完成其行動計劃,否則 「特別組織」將呼籲其成員並敦促所有司法管轄區對與緬甸的商業關係和交易進行加強盡職審查。鑑於緬甸在行動計劃截止日期一年後仍然缺乏進展,其大部分行動項目仍未得到解決,「特別組織」認為有必要根據其程序採取進一步行動,並且呼籲其成員和其他司法管轄區實施與來自緬甸的風險相應的加強盡職審查措施。在實施加強盡職審查措施時,各國應確保用於人道主義援助、合法的非牟利團體活動和匯款的資金流不會中斷。

ii已與「特別組織」制定了行動計劃,以改善其打擊洗錢/恐怖分子資金籌集措施缺失的司法管轄區 

  1.       「特別組織」亦發布另一份「需加強監察的司法管轄區」文件(詳見:(https://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/increased-monitoring-october-2022.html) [只有英文版本]。自2019冠狀病毒病大流行,「特別組織」给予尚未到檢討截止日期的所列國家提供彈性,以自願形式報告進度。自2022年6月以來,「特別組織」檢討了以下國家的進度:阿爾巴尼亞,巴巴多斯,布基纳法索,柬埔寨,開曼群島,海地,牙買加,约旦,馬里,摩洛哥,緬甸,尼加拉瓜,巴基斯坦,巴拿馬,菲律賓,塞內加爾,南蘇丹,土耳其,阿拉伯聯合大公國和烏干達。直布羅陀選擇推遲報告。經過審查,「特別組織」亦把剛果民主共和國,莫桑比克和坦桑尼亞加入「需加強監察的司法管轄區」名單。 尼加拉瓜和巴基斯坦則巳從名單中剔除。

 
建議 

  1.       煩請將以上資訊通知    貴會各會員/行員。我們建議貴重金屬及寶石交易商對這些司法管轄區構成的潛在洗錢、恐怖分子資金籌集及大規模毀滅武器擴散風險保持警惕,採取合適的措施以識別 、評估及了解他們的風險,並採取相應的措施緩減已識別的風險,即採取「風險為本」的方針。如貴重金屬及寶石交易商在交易過程中識別任何可疑交易,請向聯合財富情報組提交可疑交易報告 (網頁: http://www.jfiu.gov.hk)。

    7.    有關風險緩解措施及提交可疑交易報告的詳情,請參閱 「貴重金屬及寶石交易商打擊洗錢及恐怖分子資金籌集參考指引」。

    中文版本載於 – https://www.nd.gov.hk/pdf/DPMS_Guideline_C.pdf
    英文版本載於 – https://www.nd.gov.hk/pdf/DPMS_Guideline_E.pdf 

           順祝商祺。

保安局禁毒處

[English version]

Dear Sir/Madam,

      I am writing to inform you that subsequent to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Plenary and Working Group meetings held in October 2022, FATF issued (i) a public statement on high-risk jurisdictions subject to a call for action; and (ii) a document titled 「Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring」.  Details are as follows –

(i) FATF Statement on High-Risk Jurisdictions Subject to a Call for Action

2.    A FATF Statement on High Risk Jurisdictions Subject to a Call for Action (https://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/call-for-action-october-2022.html) was published on 21 October 2022.  Since February 2020, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the FATF has paused the review process for Iran and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, given that they are already subject to the FATF’s call for countermeasures.  Therefore, members are advised to refer to the statement (http://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/call-for-action-february-2020.html) on these jurisdictions adopted on 21 February 2020.  While the statement may not necessarily reflect the most recent status of Iran and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s anti-money laundering (AML)/combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regimes, the FATF’s call for action on these high-risk jurisdictions remains in effect.

3.    To recap, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is subject to a FATF call on its members and other jurisdictions to apply countermeasures to protect the international financial system from the on-going money laundering and terrorist financing risks emanating from the jurisdiction.

4.    Meanwhile, Iran is subject to a FATF call on its members and other jurisdictions to apply, in line with Recommendation 19 Note (i.e. Higher Risk Countries) –

(a) increased supervisory examination for branches and subsidiaries of financial institutions based in Iran;
(b) enhanced relevant reporting mechanisms or systematic reporting of financial transactions; and
(c) increased external audit requirements for financial groups with respect to any of their branches and subsidiaries located in Iran.

Note According to Recommendation 23, (DNFBPs) should be required to comply with the higher-risk countries requirements set out in Recommendation 19.

 

  1. In February 2020, Myanmar committed to address its strategic deficiencies.  Myanmar’s action plan expired in September 2021.  In June 2022, FATF strongly urged Myanmar to swiftly complete its action plan by October 2022 or FATF would call on its members and urge all jurisdictions to apply enhanced due diligence to business relations and transactions with Myanmar.  Given the continued lack of progress and the majority of its action items still not addressed after a year beyond the action plan deadline, FATF decided that further action was necessary in line with its procedures and FATF calls on its members and other jurisdictions to apply enhanced due diligence measures proportionate to the risk arising from Myanmar.  When applying enhanced due diligence measures, countries should ensure that flows of funds for humanitarian assistance, legitimate Non-profit Organisations activity and remittances are not disrupted.


(ii) Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring
 

6.    FATF issued another document titled Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring (https://www.fatf-gafi.org/publications/high-risk-and-other-monitored-jurisdictions/documents/increased-monitoring-october-2022.html).  Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the FATF has provided some flexibility to jurisdictions not facing immediate deadlines to report progress on a voluntary basis. The following countries had their progress reviewed by the FATF since June 2022: Albania, Barbados, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Haiti, Jamaica, Jordan, Mali, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Senegal, South Sudan, Türkiye, UAE and Uganda.  For these countries, updated statements are provided.  Gibraltar chose to defer reporting; thus, the statement issued in June 2022 for that jurisdiction is included, but it may not necessarily reflect the most recent status of the jurisdiction’s AML/CFT regime.  Following review, the FATF now also identifies the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, and Tanzania.  Nicaragua and Pakistan are no longer subject to increased monitoring.

  1.     We should be grateful if you would inform your Members of the jurisdictions highlighted by FATF as set out in the paragraphs above.  Dealers in precious metals and stones are advised to stay alert to the potential money laundering and terrorist financing risks posed by these jurisdictions and take appropriate mitigating measures according to a risk-based approach.  If a dealer in precious metals and stones knows or suspects any property being crime proceed or terrorist property, he/she has the legal obligation to file a suspicious transaction report to the Joint Financial Intelligence Unit (https://www.jfiu.gov.hk/en/).  

    8.     For details of risk mitigating measures and filing suspicious transaction reports, please refer to the advisory Guideline for dealers in precious metals and stones (https://www.nd.gov.hk/pdf/DPMS_Guideline_E.pdf).